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BOROFLOAT® 33

High-quality borosilicate glass from SCHOTT

Special Properties

  • High transmission of visible and infrared light
  • Extensive operating temperature range:
    - up to 450 °C at permanent load
    - up to 500 °C at temporary load (< 10 h)
  • High UV-transparency
  • Excellent chemical resistivity against strong acids,
    bases and organic substances
  • Low coefficient of thermal expansion similar to that of silicon wafers used for anodic bonding
  • High thermal shock resistivity
  • Nearly colorless clear appearance
  • Low self-fluorescence
  • Relatively low alkali content in the glass composition
  • Low specific weight
  • High scratch and abrasion resistance
  • High elasticity and mechanical strength
  • Superior flatness resulting from a unique micro float manufacturing process
  • Low microroughness

Typical Applications

  • Industrial optics for increased operating temperatures
  • Medical and biotechnology applications
  • Wafer glass for anodic bonding processes
  • Flat glass substrates for dielectric filters
  • Glass components for lighting systems
  • Front glass for high power floodlights
  • Substrates for lighting filters
  • Photovoltaic applications
  • Sight glass windows
  • Fiber optic applications
  • Glass covers for sensors
  • Laboratory glass equipment
  • Glass components for environmental technology
  • Microscope slides for chemical analysis or medical purposes
  • Substrate glass for electronics
  • Laser applications
  • Windows used in harsh environments
  • Neutron absorbers
  • Glass packaging for optoelectronic components
  • Analytic systems
  • Measuring and sensor devices

Related glass types

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48h-Express Service for custom optics Also available in 48 h Express-Service

BOROFLOAT® is a high-quality clear-transparent glass that offers an excellent and uniform optical transmission from the visible to the infrared spectral range. SCHOTT manufactures the borosilicate glass using a unique micro float process. This technique offers excellent flatness, high surface quality, low microroughness, and superior material homogeneity. Furthermore, BOROFLOAT® glass features a low self-fluorescence over a broad light spectrum.

BOROFLOAT® offers an exceptionally high optical quality for flat glass, facilitating a full scope of applications in industrial optics, optoelectronics, photonics, analytics, and lighting technology. It is often used as a base glass for optics without expensive additional mechanical polishing processes required. SCHOTT's BOROFLOAT® flat glass offers capabilities required by substrate materials used for coated optics like mirrors, filters, anti-reflection coatings, or in some instances, even laser optics. It is ideal for the production of window optics, substrates, glass wafers, and other plane optical components. BOROFLOAT® is also well suited for lighting technology and numerous applications in electronics. For example, we use BOROFLOAT® glass as a coating substrate for lighting-filter products like our cold mirror and hot mirror series. Also, we use it as a glass substrate for our high reflection dielectric mirror optics.

Due to its remarkable thermal capabilities, BOROFLOAT® has proven to be a perfect and economical glass material for many applications at an increased operating temperature. It is heat-resistant and can permanently work at up to 450 °C. In the short term (< 10 h), it can even withstand up to 500 °C.

Furthermore, BOROFLOAT® has a small thermal expansion coefficient close to that of silicon, making glass-wafers of SCHOTT's borosilicate glass an ideal solution for anodic bonding applications. BOROFLOAT® has almost the same thermal expansion and mechanical density as PYREX® glass, a long-time standard material for producing glass wafers. Many customers use BOROFLOAT® to substitute PYREX® glass wafers today because CORNING discontinued PYREX® flat glass many years ago.

SCHOTT Borofloat glass window for a measuring device
nullspacer Figure: CNC-manufactured high-temperature window optics for a micro-reactor made of BOROFLOAT® glass from SCHOTT.

BOROFLOAT® has practically the same glass composition as DURAN®, which is also a SCHOTT glass product mainly used for laboratory equipment. Consequently, the glass is very resistant against water, neutral, saline, acidic solutions, and to iodine, chlorine, bromine, and organic substances, even over long periods and temperatures above 100 °C. BOROFLOAT® exceeds the chemical strength of many other glass materials and also of most metals.

Acids and alkalis can only dissolve small amounts of ions from BOROFLOAT® glass. Therefore, BOROFLOAT® does not falsify the measurement results in analytical technology known from soda-lime float glass materials. These properties enable the use of BOROFLOAT® glass in numerous medical technology and analytical applications.

Also, BOROFLOAT® glass's mechanical properties exceed those of soda-lime glass and most other borosilicate glass materials. For example, the abrasion resistance of BOROFLOAT® significantly surpasses the one of ordinary soda-lime float glass. We manufacture all kinds of glass parts from BOROFLOAT®. If you have any questions regarding our manufacturing capabilities, please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

To get a quotation for a window, substrate, or any other component made of original SCHOTT BOROFLOAT® 33 glass with individual dimensions, please use the button below or choose a thickness in the selection table.

 

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Specifications


UV-VIS-IR-transmittance
at 2 mm thickness

SCHOTT BOROFLOAT® Glass, transmission curve UV-VIS-IR
Enlarge curve to show details

UV-transmittance at 0.7 mm thickness
SCHOTT BOROFLOAT Glass UV-transmission curve at 0,7mm thickness
Enlarge curve to show details

UV-transmittance at 3,30 mm thickness
SCHOTT BOROFLOAT Glass, UV-transmission curve at 3,3mm thickness
Enlarge curve to show details

Please contact us for the measured transmittance curves of BOROFLOAT® at other glass thicknesses.


Standard Thicknesses

(Please click on a glass thickness to request a quote)

Thickness (mm)

Tolerance

48h-Express Service
0,70 ±0,05
1,10 ±0,05
1,10 ±0,10
1,75 ±0,20
2,00 ±0,05
2,25 ±0,20
2,75 ±0,10
2,75 ±0,20
3,30 ±0,20
3,80 ±0,20
5,00 ±0,20
5,50 ±0,20 -
6,50 ±0,20
7,50 ±0,30 -
8,00 ±0,30 -
9,00 ±0,30 -
11,0 ±0,30 -
13,0 ±0,50 -
15,0 ±0,50 -
16,0 ±0,50 -
17,0 ±0,50 -
18,0 ±0,50 -
19,0 ±0,50 -
21,0 ±0,70 -
25,4 ±1,00 -
The thicknesses marked with "" are also available within 48–h Express Service.

Optical Properties

  • Abbe constant ve: 65,41
  • Dispersion nF - nC : 71,4 x 10-4
  • Stress optical coefficient K: 4,0 x 10-6 mm2 N-1

Index of Refraction

 

Wavelength (nm)

Refractive Index

ng
435,8
1,48015
nF'
479,9
1,47676
ne
546,1
1,47311
nd
587,6
1,47140
nD
589,3
1,47133
nC'
643,8
1,46953
nC
656,3
1,46916

Mechanical Properties

  • Density: 2,2 g/cm3 (25 °C)
  • Young's modulus E: 64 kN/mm2
    (according to DIN 13 316)
  • Poisson's ratio μ: 0,2 (according to DIN 13 316)
  • Shear modulus σ: 25 MPa
    (according to DIN 52 292 T 1)
  • Knoop hardness HK0,1/20: 480
    (according to ISO 9385)

Thermal Properties

  • Coefficient of thermal expansion:
    3,25 x 10-6/K (20-300 °C) (according to ISO 7991)
  • Specific heat capacity cP: 0,83 kJ (kg x K)-1
  • Specific heat conductivity:
    1,2 W (m x K)-1 (90 °C)
  • Transformation temperature Tg: 525 °C
  • Viscosities:
    • Working Point (104 dPa): 1270 °C
    • Softening Point (107,6 dPa): 820 °C
    • Annealing Point (1013 dPa): 560 °C
    • Strain Point (1014,5 dPa): 518 °C
  • Maximum operating temperatures σmax :
    (only valid considering the following RTG and RTS values)
    • for short-term load 500 °C (< 10 h)
    • for long-term load 450 °C (≥ 10 h)
  • Resistance to thermal gradients (RTG):
    • 110 K (< 1 h)
    • 90 K (1-100 h)
    • 80 K (> 100 h)
      (Testing method description on demand)
  • Resistance to thermal shock (RTS):
    • 175 K (at thickness ≤ 3,8 mm)
    • 160 K (at thickness = 5,0-5,5 mm)
    • 150 K (at thickness = 6,5-15,0 mm)
    • 125 K (at thickness > 15,0 mm)
      (Testing method description on demand)

Chemical Properties

  • Hydrolytic resistance:
    • Class HGB 1
      (according to ISO 719 / DIN 12 111)
    • Class HGA 1
      (according to ISO 720)
  • Acid resistance:
    • Class 1 (according to ISO 1776 / DIN 12 116)
  • Alkali resistance:
    • Class A2 (according to ISO 695 / DIN 52 322)
  • Chemical Glass Composition:
    • 81% SiO2
    • 13% B2O3
    • 4% Na20 / K2O
    • 2% Al2O3

Chemical Durability

Solution

Reaction time/
Temperature

Weight loss
(mg/cm2)

5 Vol.-% HCl
24 h at 95 °C
<0,01
0,02 n H2SO4
24 h at 95 °C
<0,01
H20
24 h at 95 °C
<0,01
5% NaOH
6 h at 95 °C
1,1
0,02 n NaOH
6 h at 95 °C
0,16
0,02 n Na2CO3
6 h at 95 °C
0,16
10% HF
20 min at 23 °C
1,1
10% NH4F x HF
20 min at 23 °C
0,14

Electrical Properties

Dielectric Constant (permittivity) εr

Frequency in GHz
0,001
1,0
2,0
5,0
24
77
 
4,6
4,5
4,5
4,5
4,5
4,4

Loss Tangent tan(δ) x 10-4

Frequency in GHz
0,001
1,0
2,0
5,0
24
77
 
37
51
57
73
120
130
  • Specific AC-Volume Resistivity ρD (Ω x cm) at 50 Hz:
    • 1,0 x 108 (250 °C)
    • 3,2 x 106 (350 °C)

Note: Further SCHOTT glass materials like the brand glasses MEMpax®, ultrathin D263 T glass, AF 45, AF 32® eco, ultra-thin AS 87 eco, N-BK7, SUPREMAX®, DURAN®, and ZERODUR® transparent glass-ceramic are part of the extensive delivery program of our company. Please follow the links or contact us for further information about these SCHOTT glass products.

If you need additional information about SCHOTT BOROFLOAT® 33 glass or our manufacturing capabilities, please do not hesitate to contact us.

BOROFLOAT® 33 is a registered trademark of SCHOTT.

All given details and specifications are mean reference values and are not guaranteed. Also, please consider our "Notes on specifications".

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