Go to the datasheet of our ITO-coatings
Here you find the FAQ in regards to our ITO-coated materials and ITO-coatings in general. If you can't find an answer to your question, please feel free to contact us with your questions. We are pleased to share all available information with you.
All given details and specifications are mean reference values and are not guaranteed.
Also, please consider our "Notes on technical specifications".
A: It is not practicable to inspect the surface of every single ITO-coated glass on the nanometer level. Therefore we generally do not make a binding specification on the micro-roughness. If we specified the microroughness, we would have to do a 100 % surface inspection with an atomic force microscope (AFM), which would mean inspecting the complete surface area of each of the many million ITO-coated substrates and windows we make on the nanometer level. This kind of inspection, of course, is not feasible. However, many of our customers successfully use our ITO-coated materials for applications where micro-roughness is critical. We have typical AFM surface-roughness test reports available for some of our CEC-P and CEC-S Series coatings. We are pleased to share these test results with you on request. Please consider that these measurements are random snapshots taken from randomly selected production batches, and these measurements do not present a specification.
A: A significant advantage to our customers is that we, as a manufacturing company, are not limited to standard dimensions like most trading companies are. Almost every customer needs different part dimensions, and it often is mandatory for the user to get the part size that fits into his application. To be quick, even at custom sizes, we permanently make numerous ITO-coated materials, which you can find in this table. Please choose an ITO-coated material you are interested in, pick an available glass substrate thickness from the table, enter the size, and fill out our interactive request form. You are free to specify the dimensions! You usually receive our quotation the same day we received your request. The typical delivery time for precision CNC-cut parts with customized dimensions made from any of the stock materials is 1-2 weeks, provided that tolerances, required manufacturing steps, or heavy production load do not require a longer lead time.
A: Yes, of course! That's our specialty. Please send us your inquiry, and we return a quotation for your custom-sized part, usually on the same day we receive your request.
A: Generally said, rectangle shapes are more economical than round parts, especially in small quantities. This cost difference gets significantly more modest in large quantities, but the cost never ends up on the same level. Of course, this depends on the details, but a rectangle part with moderate tolerances compared to a round piece with identical tolerances, is typically more economical.
A: Yes, we can. However, this is only possible on a per coating batch basis, which means it is only an option if the number of parts is large enough for a custom coating run. It is not possible or too uneconomical at single pieces or in small quantities. Small quantities would result in very high piece prices because the total coating run cost remains about the same no matter whether we coat one piece or the entire batch. If you want to know what quantity is required for a custom coating batch, please send us your detailed request, and we will inform you about whatever is possible or reasonable.
A: This generally depends on tolerances, complexity, and the required manufacturing steps required to make your parts. Not at least it also depends on our production load. To give you an example, for precision CNC-cut square or rectangle parts with normal tolerances at average production load, the typical delivery time is less than a week!
A: Yes, this is possible only on a per batch basis. The substrate material, in any case, must be a suitable glass. We usually do not coat plastics. However, some exceptions are depending on the technical performance of the respective plastic material. In case you want to get a special glass or plastic custom coated, please contact us with your inquiry, and we let you know the possible options.
A: Yes. Generally, we can custom coat customer furnished material. A requirement is that your substrates are not already coated and that they are suitable to be ITO-coated. Please send us your inquiry with all the details. Please consider that this requires at least a full coating run.
A: We usually do not coat plastics. However, exceptions are depending on the technical performance of the plastic material. Please contact us with your inquiry.
A: The surface resistivity of a fully oxidized ITO-coating depends on the film thickness and vice versa. Hence it isn't possible to make a specification for both parameters because they rely on each other.
A: The only difference between the CEC-P and CEC-S coatings is that the CEC-P series's substrates are also mechanically polished. This additional polishing results in a lower total thickness variation (TTV) and a better optical flatness. Simultaneously, it slightly increases the surface microroughness, resulting from the micro scratches on the nanometer level that occurs when a glass is mechanically polished, which is a natural effect. In other words, generally, the CEC-S coatings have a better (lower) surface microroughness, and the CEC-P coatings show a better TTV and optical flatness.
A: We do not make bus bars on our ITO coatings. However, as a service, we supply electrically conductive adhesive copper tape to the customers of our ITO-coated materials.
A: No, but we have many customers who use our ITO-coated materials to make their heatable window or their heatable microscope slide.
A: Yes, we do! We can make ITO-coated microscope slides of any size you want. Please choose an ITO-coated material you are interested in from the table here, click on an available glass substrate thickness, and please let us know the size and quantity of the microscope slide. We send you a detailed quotation in return, usually the same day we receive your request.
A: No. As a manufacturing company, we are not restricted to standard sizes, and we do not have a price-list like trading companies. This flexibility is advantageous because you can specify and order the perfectly fitting dimensions you need for your application. Please choose an ITO-coated material you are interested in from the chart here, choose an available glass thickness, and just let us know the dimensions and quantity you need. We send you a detailed quotation in return, usually the same day we receive your request.
A: The thinnest substrate thickness we can coat is approximately 0,175 mm. We always make an ITO-coated thin-glass, which is called CEC020T. It has a square resistance of 20 Ω. You might be able to use it when you are in search of thin ITO-coated glass. Please see our chart here with all available resistances and glass thicknesses and send us an individual request. Also, custom coatings are possible provided that the quantity is large enough for a coating run.
A: This depends on the surface resistance and, therefore, on the ITO-film thickness. Also, the substrate material matters, and it depends on how well the refractive index of the glass substrate matches the refractive index of the ITO-thin film. You can find typical transmission curves of many of our coatings here. If you need a characteristic transmission curve for an ITO-coating not listed there, please do not hesitate to contact us and let us know what transmission curve you want to see.
A: Yes. You can find typical transmission curves of many of our coatings here. We also have additional information on the transmission or reflection of many of our ITO-coated materials, which we can provide to you on request.
A: Yes, but this is only possible on a per coating batch basis per request and means the quantity must be large enough for a custom coating run. It is not possible or too uneconomical at single pieces or in small series. Please also consider, the top layer of an IMITO-coating cannot be ITO because a layer on top of the ITO is required to adapt the refractive index to air. This top layer means that you cannot directly contact the ITO before removing the layer(s) on top.
A: Generally, the lowest square resistance we coat is around 5 Ω per square, and the highest is about 1000 Ω per square. We regularly make various coatings in this range (please see chart here). If you need another square resistance, please send us your inquiry.
A: The SiO2 passivation layer is located between the glass substrate and the ITO-thin film. In other words, the quartz barrier layer separates the Indium Tin Oxide layer from the glass surface. This quartz layer is only several nanometers thick and increases the electrical insulation. At the same time, the layer minimizes the leaching of alkali-oxides from the glass into liquid crystals, which is very function-critical for display applications. Only our CEC-S and CEC-P coatings have a SiO2 passivation layer. All other ITO coatings do not have a passivation layer. The SiO2-layer of our CEC-S and CEC-P coatings does NOT add any extra cost to our ITO-coated end product as it is an integrated process, and it usually does not have any disadvantage.
A: The SiO2 layer of the CEC-S and CEC-P coatings does NOT add any extra cost to the ITO-coated end product as it is an integrated process. It just increases the technical product quality without raising the price. The CEC-S and CEC-P coatings are even our most economical ITO-coatings, although they are the only ITO-coatings with a standard passivation layer.
A: We make all coatings without defined ITO-film thickness in a smaller coating machine. Those ITO-coatings are mainly coated on "exotic" glass substrate materials, and we don't make them in vast quantities like our CEC-S or CEC-P coatings, for example. Only the transmission and surface resistances are monitored during the coating process in the smaller coating chambers. The film thickness is a result of these parameters and is not process controlled. Therefore we do not make specifications on the film thickness of these CEC coatings. Roughly said, the film thickness would approximately be in the range of the CEC-S coatings.
A: Sorry, no, we do not offer patterned ITO-coatings or masking services at all. Our customers usually do the patterning themselves by etching away some areas of the ITO-coating. For some of our ITO-coatings, we give out typical non-binding etching recommendations on request. If you are interested in obtaining these, please contact us.